Higher Education Systems Database
Source: International Association of Universities/UNESCO
International Centre on Higher Education

Tanzania - Education system

INSTITUTION TYPES & CREDENTIALS

Types of higher education institutions:

University

Institute

University College

Open University

 

School leaving and higher education credentials:

Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education

Diploma

Advanced Diploma

Bachelor Degree

Doctor

Master Degree

Postgraduate Diploma

Doctor of Philosophy

 

 

STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM

Pre-higher education:

Duration of compulsory education:

Age of entry: 7

Age of exit: 14

Structure of school system:

Basic First Stage

Type of school providing this education: Primary School (Lower Stage)

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 7 to: 11

Basic Second Stage

Type of school providing this education: Primary School (Upper Stage)

Length of program in years: 3

Age level from: 11 to: 14

Certificate/diploma awarded: Primary School Leaving Certificate

Lower Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Lower Secondary School

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 14 to: 18

Certificate/diploma awarded: Certificate of Secondary Education (CSE)

Upper Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Upper Secondary School

Length of program in years: 2

Age level from: 18 to: 20

Certificate/diploma awarded: Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education (ACSE)

School education:

Primary education lasts for seven years, divided into two stages of four and three years respectively. It culminates in the Primary School Leaving Certificate. Secondary school is divided into six Forms. Lower secondary school includes Forms I-IV and culminates in a national examination. Those who pass obtain the Certificate of Secondary Education (CSE). The curriculum is divided into four tracks: Agriculture, Commerce, Technical Skills, and Home Economics. The 1992 curriculum reform introduced into each stream three subjects: Social Studies, Computer Science and Unified Science. Unified Science is taught as an alternative to Biology, Chemistry and Physics, whereas Social Studies is offered as an alternative to Geography, History and Political Science. At the high school level, pupils study subject combinations of their choice, depending on their results in the examinations at the end of the first cycle of secondary education. Upper secondary school includes Forms V-VI and culminates in a national examination. Those who pass obtain the Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education (ACSE). Students must choose three principal subjects from the following: Languages, Arts and Social Sciences, Sciences and Mathematics, Commercial Subjects, and Military Science and Technology. The fourth subject is Political Education and is compulsory. Some secondary schools are technically oriented. The ACSE gives access to higher education. Students successfully completing the Certificate of Secondary Education may continue their studies at technical colleges which offer Certificate and Diploma level training.

Higher education:

Higher education is provided by nine universities and several training colleges and institutes. In addition there are several training centres designed primarily for Form VI-leavers. All higher education institutions are under the supervision of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education. The Universities are semi-autonomous and manage their own affairs under the Vice-Chancellor, who is appointed by the President of Tanzania. Their running costs are subsidized by the Government.

Academic year:

Classes from: Sep to: Jul

Languages of instruction: English

Stages of studies:

Non-university level post-secondary studies (technical/vocational type):

Non-university level:

In the last decade, the number of technical, vocational, and professional schools has increased substantially. They are the responsibility of the relevant Government Ministry under which they fall. The schools which award Certificates, Diplomas, Advanced Diplomas and Postgraduate Diplomas are categorized according to the type of programme offered. Diploma programmes, lasting two years, require Form VI and work experience. Certificates require two to three years' study. The Technician's Certificate requires two years of study. The Full Technician's Certificate requires three years of study. Advanced Diploma programmes, lasting three years, require Form VI and work experience. Postgraduate Diploma programmes require a Degree or Bachelor for admission and generally last one year.

 

University level studies:

University level first stage: Undergraduate level:

The first phase leads to a Bachelor's Degree. It usually lasts for three years, except for Pharmacy, Nursing, Veterinary Science and Engineering, which take four years, and Medicine, which takes five years. At the Open University courses generally last six years.

University level second stage: Graduate level:

A further one to three years' study leads to a Master's Degree. Postgraduate Diplomas require a Bachelor's Degree for admission and, generally, one year of study.

University level third stage: Postgraduate level:

A minimum of a further two years' original research and submission of a thesis lead to a PhD.

 

Teacher education:

Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers

The Grade C Certificate entitles the holders to teach in the first two grades of primary education. The Grade B Certificate is obtained by promotion or by successfully completing a four-year course at a teacher training college after grade 7. The Grade A Certificate is obtained on successful completion of a two-year course at the end of Form IV and entitles the holder to teach in all seven grades of primary education.

Training of secondary school teachers

A two-year Diploma course at a College of National Education is required, after passing the ACSE, for teaching at lower secondary level. Teachers for upper secondary level should hold a Bachelor of Education or a Postgraduate Diploma in Education. Opportunities for in-service training have increased with the creation of village-based teacher training programmes.

 

Non-traditional studies:

Distance higher education

Distance education is offered by the Open University of Tanzania which opened in 1993 in Dar-es-Salaam. It provides courses in Law, Science, Arts, and Education leading to Bachelor Degrees.

Lifelong higher education

There are over 300 institutions offering specialist training at post-Form IV (or Form VI) level, leading to Certificates or Diplomas at semi-professional level in a wide variety of disciplines.

 

 

NATIONAL BODIES

Administration & co-ordination:

Responsible authorities:

Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education

Head: Ng'wandu Pius, Minister

PO Box 2645, Jamhuri Street
Dar es Salaam
Tanzania

Tel: +255(22) 211-2546 +255(22) 211-6331

Fax: +255(22) 211-2805

WWW: http://www.tanzania.go.tz/science.htm

 

 

Committee of Vice-Chancellors and Principals in Tanzania

Head: Matthew Luhanga, Chairman

University of Dar es Salaam
PO Box 33091
Dar es Salaam
Tanzania

 

 

 

ADMISSIONS TO HIGHER EDUCATION

Admission to non university higher education studies

Name of secondary school credential required: Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education

For entry to: Diploma and Advanced Diplomas at postsecondary,vocational/technical/professional schools

Alternatives to credentials:

Certificate of Secondary Education (11 years of primary and secondary school study) for Full Technician Certificate and Nurse Grade A Diploma.

Admission to university-level studies

Name of secondary school credential required: Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education

Minimum score/requirement: Passes in 5 approved subjects in Certificate of Secondary Education

For entry to: University studies.

Alternatives to credentials: Mature Age Entry Examination Scheme.

Foreign students admission

Admission requirements: Foreign students should have qualifications equivalent to the Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education or the East African General Certificate of Education (GCE) with 2 Advanced ("A") levels and 5 Ordinary ("O") levels.

Language requirements: Students must be fluent in English.

Application procedures:

Apply to:

Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education

PO Box 2645, Jamhuri Street
Dar es Salaam
Tanzania

Tel: +255(22) 211-2546

Fax: +255(22) 211-2805

WWW: http://www.tanzania.go.tz/science.htm

 

Multilateral agreements concerning recognition of foreign studies

Name of agreement: Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Certificates, Diplomas, Degrees and Other Academic Qualifications in Higher Education in the African States

Year of signature: 1981

 

STUDENT LIFE

Student expenses and financial aid

Student costs:

Home students tuition fees: Minimum: 900000 (Tanzanian Shilling)

Maximum: 1500000 (Tanzanian Shilling)

Publications on student services and financial aid:

Title: Study Abroad, 2000-2001

Publisher: UNESCO

Year of publication: 1999

 

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION & EXCHANGES

Principal national bodies responsible for dealing with international cooperation and exchanges in higher education:

Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education

PO Box 2645, Jamhuri Street
Dar es Salaam
Tanzania

Tel: +255(22) 211-2546 +255(51) 211-6331

Fax: +255(22) 211-2805

WWW: http://www.tanzania.go.tz/science.htm

 

 

GRADING SYSTEM

Usual grading system in secondary school

Full Description: A-E principal passes; S subsidiary pass; F fail

Highest on scale: A

Pass/fail level: S

Lowest on scale: F

Main grading system used by higher education institutions

Full Description: Degrees are classified: 1st class Honours; 2nd class Honours (upper); 2nd class Honours (lower); pass

 

NOTES ON HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

 

 

Data for academic year: 2000-2001

Source: International Association of Universities (IAU) updated from IBE website, 2001